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Full text of "History And Human Relation"

•      TRAGIC    ELEMENT    IN    MODERN    CONFLICT

the neighbour was an immoral man and would make a
bad use of the money. The moralising might not be
without its justice, but in this case it would be introduced
as a screen to cover a delinquency of one's own. Or it
is like the case of those people who so often, as in 1792,
would judge a revolution entirely by its atrocities—
evading the structural problem and pouncing upon an
incidental issue. I have no doubt it would be a boon
to*me, supposing I were challenged in debate on a point
of history, if I could say: " Take no notice of this
m^p.; he has just come out of prison after serving sen-
tence for forging a cheque ". I should be picking up a
fringing issue and turning it into the central issue; and
in this way I might use the other person's immorality
most unfairly for the purpose of evading a challenge
that happened to be inconvenient to myself.

Not only may the problem of war present itself in
the acutest possible form, irrespective of any difference
in morality between the contending parties, but the
whole problem and the whole predicament that we are
discussing exists absolutely, irrespective of any differences
in ideology. All the evidence that we have—and it
seems to me that we have had very much in the last one
hundred years for this particular, case—shows that the
basic problem would not be fundamentally altered, and
would certainly not be avoided, supposing, what we
were confronted with at the moment were all the power
of modern Russia in the hands of the Tsars, instead of
the regime of the Soviet. The predicament would not
be removed even if there were no .Communism in the
world at all, or supposing that every State involved in

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